HOMEOCARE FOR BOVINE MASTITIS
Updated: Nov 5, 2020
In the given below context Dr. Prasanthi and Dr. Hemalatha discussed about various types of mastitis, it’s economic importance and special homeopathic treatments approved and applicable at the field level specially for cattle and buffaloes.
Homeopathy in veterinary field is gaining importance these days because of its efficacy and efficiency. Many veterinarians across the world were using homeopathy for animals with considerable success. Even to disease conditions like mastitis, FMD, endometritis etc. homeopathy is providing long term solutions. In the given below context let us see what actually mastitis is, how clear cut approach does homeopathy provide.
Mastitis is a disease complex which occurs in different clinical forms of inflammation of the mammary gland due to variety of infectious agents. Animal care, hygiene and managemental factors are important in the disease manifestation. This disease is known to cause great reduction in productivity, quality and quantity of milk and to cause culling of animals at an unacceptable age. All this incurs financial losses attributed to reduced milk yield, discarded milk following antibiotic therapy, early culling, veterinary and drug costs.
TYPES OF MASTITIS
The economic consequences of bovine mastitis are not restricted only to the farm but expand beyond the dairy farm (related to production losses, treatment, culling and changes in milk quality) thereby having a significant impact on the farm business. Recent report states that the annual economic losses sustained by dairy industry in India on account of udder infections have been projected at Rs. 6053.21 crores. Out of this, loss of Rs. 4365.32 crores (70%-80% loss) was credited to sub clinical version of udder infections (Dua et al., 2001). The annual economic losses due to bovine mastitis are estimated to be Rs. 7165.51 crores in India, out of which 57.93% (Rs. 4151.16 crores losses) has been attributed to subclinical mastitis.
Economic losses associated with mastitis are due to reduced milk yield (up to 70%), milk discard after treatment (9%), cost of veterinary services (7%) and premature culling (14%) (Bhikane & Kawitkar,2000). According to the study, the estimated loss following clinical mastitis was almost 700 kg for cows in first lactation and 1,200 kg for cows in second or higher lactation (Wilson et al., 2004).
HOMEOPATHY IN MASTITIS
There exist a long list that reason the failure of treatment for mastitis by conventional medicines, such as etiology and its characteristics (like biofilm formation, location of organism in tissue); choice of efficient and effective antimicrobial based on type of organism; history of mastitis; time of diagnosis; time of treatment (the sooner the better); dose, route, aseptic administration, duration of treatment, immunity of host, secondary infections, poor animal husbandry and veterinary practice also contribute to a less favorable prognosis.
The pathology of the udder tissue caused by mastitis and its effect on the pharmacokinetic properties of mastitic drugs, rather than widespread antibiotic resistance, appears to be a major cause of therapy failure. Success of mastitis therapy is lower in lactating dairy cows than in dry cow. The answer to the mastitis problem lies in eliminating or minimizing the predisposing factors to mastitis and in the prevention of new intramammary and teat canal infections, rather than the treatment of existing mastitic cases and infections. The antibiotic use is seen as increasingly critical because of the rising bacterial resistance. Overuse of antibiotics as curative therapy against mastitis has lead to a significant increase in the prevalence of antibiotic resistance. This makes the reason for switching to homeopathy from conventional medicines.
More specific homeopathic remedies are selected according to the symptoms, such as lumpy milk, edema type, etc. Those used by two famous homeopathic veterinarians, Britain's MacLeod and France's Quiquandon, are given in Tables 1 and 2.
Table 1 - Homeopathic remedies used by MacLeod to treat mastitis
Source: Adapted from MacLeod (1981) Legend: x, c and m refer to dilutions 10, 100 and 1,000
Table 2 - Homeopathic remedies used by Quiquandon to treat mastitis
Source: Quiquandon (1982)
A) Mastitis with anorexia :
Belladonna 30 or 200 : When the udder is hot , painful, and edematous.
Dose: Belladonna 30 : one dose every two hours 4 to 5 times till relief
Belladonna 200 : B.I.D for 2 days.
Bryonia 30 or 200 : When udder is hard, painful and hot, animal is disinclined to move.
Dose : One dose every 3 hours , till relief
Urticaria urens 30 : When the udder is hard, painful, edematous with allergic reactions and let down problems, dysagalactia
Dose : One dose every 1 hour till relief
Homeopathic Combination : Belladonna + Bryonia + Urtica 30
Dose : 1 dose once in 2 hours till temperature comes to normal
Phytolocca 200 : When the udder is hot, with flakes and clots in milk and refuse to allow the calf for suckling or milking
Dose : 1 dose 2 hourly 4-5 doses, for 2-3 days
Conium 200 : When the udder is very hard, with yellowish and cheesy milk and painful udder.
Dose : B.I.D. for 2 – 7 days
Merc sol 200 : When the udder is hard and when the milk is watery or serosanguinous in appearance (Foot and Mouth affections)
Dose: B.I.D. for 2 days
Silicea 6x : Udder indurated, milk cheesy in consistence, with yellow clots
Dose : T.I.D for 1 week to 10 days
Biochemical Preparation : Kali mur 6x when clots in milk and Calc Flur 6x
Dose : B.I.D. for 1 week to 10 days
Biochemical Preparation : Silicea 6x When the udder is hard Calc Sulph 6x and clots in milk
Dose : Q.I.D for 1 week
Homeopathic Combination 1: For intra mammary use.
Calundula Q , Belladonna 30 , Dulcamara Q , Echinaea 30 at 1 ml made upto 20 ml with distilled water
Indications : Inflammation of the udder with loss of appetite, fever congestion and trauma.
Dose : 10 ml morning and 10ml night , intra mammary injection for 2 to 3 days. Massage the udder to disperse the medicine uniformly.
Homeopathic Combination 2 : For External use only Phytolocca decandra 30 , Calendula officinalis Q , Apis mel 30 , Belladonna 30 at 1 ml
Made up to 20 ml with glycerine.
Indications : Indicated in fissures, wounds, ulcers, congestions, hematomas, inflammations, contusions etc.
Dose : Apply on the affected teats and udder, B.I.D. for 2 – 4 days
Homeopathic Combination 3 : For internal use. Phytolocca 200 , Calc. Fluor 200 , Silicea 30 , Belladonna 30 , Arnica 30 ,Conium 30 , Ipeca 30 aa 0.5 ml. , Made up to 30 ml vimeral.
Indications : In acute, subacute and chronic mastitis.
Dose : 2 –5 ml, B.I.D. orally for one week.
B) Mastitis without anorexia :
Kali Mur 30 : Hardness and White or gray or cream color clots.
Dose : 4 time a day for 2 to 5 days
Ferrum Phos 6x : Blood in milk with or without bad smell
Dose : Q.I.D for 2 to 5 days
Silicea 1M + Calc. Sulph 200 : When udder is hard and with clots
Dose : Q.I.D for 2 –7 days.
The present case study deals about the efficacy of a Homeopathic complex and antibiotics in treatment of clinical mastitic cattle in North Gujarat. In this research, a total of 495 animals suffering from clinical mastitis were used for the study. All the animals had either one or more than one quarters involved and were categorized according to their clinical conditions of udder as oedematous but not fibrosed, fibrosed, bloody milk and watery milk. For the study, 361 animals out of 495 were treated with Teatasule@ a homeopathic medicine along with higher antibiotics as routine and rest 134 animals were considered as control but treated only with antibiotics. As per schedule Teatasule has been given to group of animals in the morning and evening in the form of liquid in a pack along with higher antibiotics and continued for 30 days.
At the end of the study, out of 361 treated cases of clinical mastitis 345 (95.56%) cases recovered completely. All the animals in this treated group provided more than 90 % recovery rate. Maximum recovery was recorded in the cases having watery milk and mostly one or two quarters were affected followed by oedematous and non fibrosed, bloody milk and lastly fibrosed, where as in control group except oedematous significantly lower than (50%) recovery rates were observed.
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TEATASULE KIT for Cattle It is the best Homeopathic Veterinary Medicine for female animals in the case of acute, sub-acute, and clinical mastitis by the most reputed “GOEL VET PHARMA PRIVATE LIMITED”.
Teatasule Mastitis kit Each kit consists of TEATASULE No. 1 bolus and TEATASULE No. 2 bolus, each of 4 boluses that are to be given in the morning and evening as mentioned.
Teatasule Liquid Spray kit
The pack contains TEATASULE No. 1 liquid spray pack and TEATASULE No. 2 liquid spray pack, a pack of 2 bottles, each to be given in the morning and the evening as mentioned.
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Teatasule No.1 Teatasule No.2
Apis Mellifica Belladonna
Bryonia Alba Calcarea
Ipecacuanha (Ipecac) Conium
Phytolacca Hepar Sulph
Urtica Urens Silicea
Indications : acute and sub clinical mastitis, fibrosed udders, fibrosed teats.
MASTITIS LIKE SYMPTOMS
Though mastitis can be confirmed and treated through culture test and antibiotic sensitivity test, it is very important to differentiate it from other mastitis like symptoms like enlargement of teats, swelling of udder, blood in milk, curdling of milk etc. which can be observed due to many other reasons like insect sting, allergic mammitis, early stages of mastitis, incomplete milking, animal in oestrous etc.
Homeocare for mastitis like symptoms
Phytolacca 200 + Belladonna 200 + Bryonia 200 + Aconite 200 @ 10 pellets twice a day orally until symptoms subside.
Blood in milk
During initial stages - Arnica 200 or Bryonia 200 or Ferrum Phos 200 @ 10 pellets twice a day orally until symptoms subside.
If no improvement - Kalibromicum 200 or Ipecac 200 or Hamamelis 200 @ 10 pellets twice a day orally until symptoms subside.
Other combination includes Phytolacca 200 + Belladonna 200 + Bryonia 200 + Aconite 200 @ 10 pellets twice a day orally until symptoms subside.
Pus in milk
Calcarea sulph 200 or Silicea 200 or Chemomilla 200 @ 10 pellets twice a day orally until symptoms subside.
One more combination includes Phytolacca 200 + Belladonna 200 + Bryonia 200 + Aconite 200 @ 10 pellets twice a day orally until symptoms subside.
Source : GO – SANJEEVANI book by Dr. Mulagaleti Shivaram
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It is a known fact by now that homeopathic drugs have more shelf life, long term effect, can be used along with other lines of treatment like allopathy, easily available, economical, effective and can be administered by farmer itself and more importantly no residual effect in milk or other animal products. All these reason out the necessity to shift from conventional treatment strategies to alternative therapies like homeopathy which are proven and practiced since ages. It is to be favorably noted that there is an increased awareness about these drugs now-a-days but there exists a level of secrecy of the formulas being used by professionals at the field level. This mind set should be changed among educated clan and should thrive for the welfare of the poor farmers and dumb animals.
Hence in the above article we provide different success formulas and recommendations based on the basic line of homeopathic treatment which says “like cures like” which are being practiced since ages. Since mastitis is contagious and can be predisposed by many factors like environmental, genetic, nutritional, ethological, human negligence etc., it is the hygiene that plays an unbiased role to prevent it’s occurrence. It is reliable to prevent the occurrence by maintaining proper hygiene than calculating the loss that comes in the form of treatment costs, opportunity costs, veterinarian’s costs etc. Prevention is always better than cure.
To know more about homeopathy visit our blog https://www.vetamit.com/post/role-of-homeopathy
Dr. Potta Prasanthi
MVSc. Veterinary Microbiology
Mumbai Veterinary College
Dr. Hemalatha Talluri
MVSc. Extension Education
ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute
Editing : Dr. Amit Kumar Tripathy